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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-47

Acne Fulminans: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Sri Aurobindo Medical College and Post Graduate Institute, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Jushya Bhatia
88-89 B Shanti Sadan, Gumasta Nagar, Indore - 452 009, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_141_18

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Acne fulminans (AF), a variant of acne vulgaris, is a rare disease that occurs after treatment of AF with oral isotretinoin. Less than 200 cases of AF have been reported in literature, mostly in young men and all with varying clinical presentations. A thorough search of literature was performed for AF using PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and UK PubMed Central electronic databases. Pathogenesis is not clearly established. However, it is most likely due to hypersensitivity reactions to sebum or bacterial antigens. It presents as sudden eruption of friable, hemorrhagic crusting overlying the ulcers, plaques, and tender nodules, usually on the trunk, with or without systemic symptoms such as malaise, fever, and arthralgia a few days after initiation of oral isotretinoin therapy. Laboratory abnormalities including raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate, altered hematological profile, and radiological evidence of osteolytic bone lesions may be found. Treatment involves the use of oral steroids with subsequent addition of oral isotretinoin. Many other immunosuppressive therapies have been tried.

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