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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-36

Pattern of Dermatoses in Small Children in a Tertiary Care Hospital

1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Bhaskar Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Ritu Gujarati
Flat No. 203, Venkataramana Residency, 2nd Cross, Road No 2, Rocktown Colony, Nagole, Hyderabad - 500 068, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_128_19

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Aims: The aim of the study was to study the pattern of dermatoses in children up to 5 years of age. Settings and Design: It is an observational study done in a tertiary care hospital. Subjects and Methods: A total of 505 patients, aged up to 5 years, attending the department of dermatology, venereology, and leprosy for a duration of 18 months from January 2017 to June 2018 were included in the study. Statistical Analysis Used: All results were statistically analyzed by IBM SPSS software and Chi-square test was used to compare the associations. Results: Preschoolchildren (75.44%) formed the majority. Males (54.65%) outnumbered females. Infections constituted the most (45.94%) followed by eczema (21.98%), hypersensitivity disorders (14.25%), nevi (4.55%), papulosquamous (3.76%), pigmentary (3.76%), physiological and transient noninfective neonatal conditions (3.56%), sweat gland (2.97%), hair disorders (0.59%), and other dermatoses (2.97%). Conclusions: Infections/infestations constituted the most among the dermatoses in children up to 5 years of age. As they are preventable, educating the parents, guardian, care takers, and teachers in the preschool about communicable diseases can limit their transmission and improve the well-being of children.

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