Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size Users Online: 751
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 301-306

The pattern of mucocutaneous disorders in pediatric HIV patients in a tertiary care center


Department of Skin and STD, Vinayaka Mission's Kirupananda Variyar Medical College and Hospital, Vinayaka Mission's Research Foundation (Deemed to be University), Salem, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Seethalakshmi Ganga Vellaisamy
11 Mullai Nagar, Near Chandra Mahal, Seelanaickenpatty, Salem - 636 201, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_13_19

Rights and Permissions

Background: Dermatological manifestations constitute one of the most common clinical features in HIV-infected children. An early recognition of such features is important for an early diagnosis and also to assess the prognosis of HIV infection. Objective: The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and pattern of mucocutaneous manifestations in HIV-infected children and also to assess the association between those manifestations and degree of cellular immune deficiency. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the Outpatient Department of SKIN and STD between April 2017 to March 2018. A total of 100 HIV patients <18 years of age were included in the study. After screening, skin diseases were classified under four broad categories: (i) Infectious dermatoses, (ii) inflammatory dermatoses, (iii) neoplastic conditions, and (iv) drug-related dermatoses. Data were coded and analyzed. Results: The prevalence of cutaneous manifestation in our study was found to be 82% among the HIV-infected children. In toto, inflammatory disorders (58%) were more common, followed by nail disorders (40%), infectious dermatoses, (36%) and drug-related conditions (23%). Among the individual disorders, diffuse pigmentation of nails (24%) was the most common condition and zidovudine was the most common implicated drug in 22% of children. Conclusion: Due to antiretroviral therapy (ART), the occurrence of infectious dermatoses has come down, but we are encountering adverse effects due to drugs. Due to the ability of ART to reconstitute the immune system, there have been undoubtedly significant changes in the nature and prevalence of skin disorders.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed77    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded12    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal