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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 224-228

Dermoscopy deduced “neither pilus nor pores”: Christ-siemens-touraine syndrome: A case report

Department of Dermatology, S. Nijalingappa Medical College and HSK Hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Priyanka Suresh Jaju
Department of Dermatology, S. Nijalingappa Medical College and HSK Hospital, Navanagar, Bagalkot - 587 102, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_115_18

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Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is used to define a group of inherited disorders characterized by the presence of abnormalities in two or more ectodermal derived structures, including hair, teeth, nails, or sweat glands. A 2-month-old boy presented with complaints of reduced scalp hair growth and loss of eyebrows since birth. He had a history of recurrent high fever and had been admitted twice for the same. Clinical examination of the patient revealed a fine, sparse, light-colored, short and dry hair over the scalp, with the absence of eyebrows, and eyelashes. The skin was smooth, dry with a prominent forehead and protuberant lips. Growth and developmental history were not significant. Trichoscopy showed absence or markedly reduced number of white dots. It corresponded to a finding of hypoplastic follicles with the absence of eccrine and sebaceous glands; these findings were consistent with histopathology. Dermoscopy is a noninvasive technique which aids in the clinical diagnosis of Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome by correlating clinical features histopathologically.

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