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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-11

Cutaneous drug reactions in children


Department of Pediatric Dermatology, Institute of Child Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Sandipan Dhar
Flat 9 C, Palazzo, 35, Panditia Road, Kolkata - 700 029, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2319-7250.131827

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Cutaneous drug reactions (CDR) are common in pediatric age group and can be important not only for further therapeutic strategy but also for future of the child. CDR can be classified based on the pathogenesis, morphology, dose relation and predictability. About 3% of patients admitted in hospital have adverse drug reaction. CDR can be due to both immunological and nonimmunological reactions, with nonimmunological reactions being more common. Morphologically CDR in children is divided into five subtypes with exanthematous type being most common. Meticulous history and examination are the basis of diagnosis of CDR. Management is primarily withdrawal of the offending agent and supportive and symptomatic care. Such patients should be advised to carry a drug diary so as to maintain a record of the offending drug/drugs and also to guard against future adverse events.


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