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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-23

Clinical profile of childhood vitiligo patients in Hadoti region in Rajasthan

Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, Government Medical College, Kota, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Suresh Kumar Jain
Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, Government Medical College, Kota - 324 001, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2319-7250.131831

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Background: Reports from different parts of the country have revealed wide variation in the clinical profile of childhood vitiligo. Variations exist with respect to age, sex, family history, Koebner phenomena and presence of other cutaneous disease. Aim: The aim of the following study is to assess the clinical profile and other cutaneous disease in childhood vitiligo. Materials and Methods: This study was designed to find the clinical characteristics of childhood vitiligo (in the age group < 12 years) in the Outpatient Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Government medical college, Kota, between July 2012 and June 2013. A total of 35 childhood vitiligo patients were examined. Results: Out of 35 children, 20 patients (57.14%) were female and 15 patients (42.86%) were male. In most of the patients, disease onset was < 10 year of age and mean age of onset was 6.64 ΁ 1 year. The most common pattern observed in childhood vitiligo was vitiligo vulgaris (17 patients) followed by focal (9 patient). Other less common pattern were segmental (4 patients), mucosal (2 patients), mixed (1 patient), contact (1 patient), acrofacial (1 patient). Out of 35 patients, 6 patients had a family history, 12 patients had Koebner phenomena, and 3 patients had leucotrichia. Other cutaneous dermatoses was found in 4 patients out of which 3 patients had halo nevus and 1 patient had atopic dermatitis. Conclusion: Childhood vitiligo in Hadoti region showed a preponderance in females and most common pattern were vitiligo vulgaris followed by focal vitiligo.

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