Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size Users Online: 1010
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-19

Clinical, bacteriological, and histopathological characteristics of children with leprosy: A retrospective, analytical study in dermatology outpatient department of tertiary care centre

Department of Skin and VD, BYL Nair Hospital and Topiwala National Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Mahim Jain
Department of Skin and VD, OPD-14, OPD Building, BYL Nair Hospital and Topiwala National Medical College, Mumbai Central, Mumbai - 400 008, Maharashtra
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2319-7250.131830

Rights and Permissions

Background: Leprosy is a major public-health problem in developing countries. According to National Leprosy Elimination Program report of March 2012, there were a total of about 0.13 million cases of leprosy in India, 9.7% of which were children. Studies pertaining to proportion and characteristics of pediatric cases are few in number. Aim: The aim of the following study is to examine clinical, bacteriological and histopathological characteristics of pediatric leprosy cases in community. Methods: A retrospective, analytical study of patients seen from 01 January 2009 to 30 June 2013 in dermatology out-patient department of tertiary care center in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Results: Study yielded 24 pediatric cases of leprosy. The age of child leprosy cases ranged from 3 to 12 years with mean of 9.25 ΁ 2.33. Most of the cases were multibacillary (MB) (95.8%). A large proportion of children (45.8%) had single skin lesion (SSL). Of the 11 SSL cases examined histopathologically, 8 (72.7%) showed features of borderline tuberculoid, 1 (9%) each of borderline lepromatous, indeterminate type and tuberculoid leprosy. Overall, one case had deformity (Grade 2) and 8.7% of MB cases were smear positive. Overall 2 patients had history of contact. Conclusion: The clinical, bacteriological and histopathological characteristics of cases in children, especially the high percentage of MB cases evidently indicate the grave nature of the problem of undetected child leprosy, recent active transmission and highlight implications on individual patients and the community.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded502    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal