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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-12

Erythroderma in children: Clinico-etiological study from Punjab

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyotika Kalsy
129, A Race Course Road, Opposite Beams Hospital, Amritsar - 143 001, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2319-7250.116841

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Background: Erythroderma is generalized inflammatory disorder of skin manifesting with erythema and scaling affecting more than 90% of skin surface. The causes vary from place to place. It is important to establish the underlying cause wherever possible for proper management. Aim: The aim of this clinical study is to find out the etiological causes in the pediatric age group, i.e., 0-15 years. Materials and Methods: A total of 14 erythroderma patients of both sexes were included into the study between August 2008 and July 2010. Detailed history, general physical examination, mucocutaneous examinations and investigations were performed and recorded. Results: Out of 14 cases, 10 (71.4%) were boys and 4 (28.6%) were girls. Age range was between 1.5 years and 14 years. The most important cause of erythroderma in our study was found to be drugs especially for epilepsy followed by atopic eczema, psoriasis, ichthyosis and crusted scabies. Conclusion: Erythroderma in children although rare requires urgent attention as it can become life threatening if mismanaged and misdiagnosed. In our study, drugs turned out to be the most common cause so drugs should be given to minimum in children as far as possible.

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