Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15--21

Neonatal and infantile erythroderma revisited


Bhavya Swarnkar1, Rashmi Sarkar2 
1 Department of Dermatology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Rashmi Sarkar
Department of Dermatology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi - 110 002
India

Erythroderma is the term applied to any inflammatory skin disease affecting more than 90% of the body surface. The incidence of neonatal and infantile erythroderma was 0.11% in an Indian study. There are various causes of neonatal and infantile erythroderma such as congenital, metabolic, papulosquamous, eczematous, drug induced, infections, autoimmune diseases, and malignancy but it is quite difficult to establish the etiology in early stage of life due to less specific clinical, biochemical and histological findings as compared to adults. Proper history, examination, skin biopsy, and various other relevant investigations (based on the differential diagnoses) are imperative to the diagnosis of neonatal and infantile erythroderma. Ruling out immunodeficiency in a child with failure to thrive is important. Since erythroderma is a dermatological emergency, its wise management is mandatory. Vitals, input-output, serum electrolytes, etc., are to be precisely monitored. Barrier nursing is of utmost importance in such cases. Any complication is to be dealt with, and specific treatment of particular cause of childhood and infantile erythroderma is to be done.


How to cite this article:
Swarnkar B, Sarkar R. Neonatal and infantile erythroderma revisited.Indian J Paediatr Dermatol 2020;21:15-21


How to cite this URL:
Swarnkar B, Sarkar R. Neonatal and infantile erythroderma revisited. Indian J Paediatr Dermatol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Jul 13 ];21:15-21
Available from: http://www.ijpd.in/article.asp?issn=2319-7250;year=2020;volume=21;issue=1;spage=15;epage=21;aulast=Swarnkar;type=0