Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11--14

Neonatal subcutaneous fat necrosis as a close differential of neonatal sepsis: Case report and review of literature


Rahul Choudhary1, Garima Sachdeva2, Gaurav Katoch1 
1 Department of Paediatrics, NDMC Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, Delhi, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, NDMC Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Garima Sachdeva
House No-201, Top Floor, Dr Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi - 110 009
India

Subcutaneous fat necrosis (SCFN) in a newborn is a rare self-limiting disorder associated with fatty tissue inflammation, mostly seen in term and postterm neonates. It is usually seen in the 1st week following a complicated delivery and is associated with lethargy, irritability, hypotonia, polyuria, polydipsia, vomiting, dehydration, and constipation. These neonates develop hypercalcemia, and C-reactive protein is persistently elevated. These features mimic neonatal sepsis. The characteristic lesions of SCFN are multiple erythematous nodules and these can guide to the final diagnosis. Here, we report a case of SCFN, which was initially misdiagnosed as neonatal sepsis and highlights the need for early diagnosis and treatment to prevent long-term complications. A literature search was done using PubMed, Medline, and Google Scholar databases using the mesh terms neonatal subcutaneous fat necrosis (SCFN) and subcutaneous fat necrosis (SFN).


How to cite this article:
Choudhary R, Sachdeva G, Katoch G. Neonatal subcutaneous fat necrosis as a close differential of neonatal sepsis: Case report and review of literature.Indian J Paediatr Dermatol 2020;21:11-14


How to cite this URL:
Choudhary R, Sachdeva G, Katoch G. Neonatal subcutaneous fat necrosis as a close differential of neonatal sepsis: Case report and review of literature. Indian J Paediatr Dermatol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 22 ];21:11-14
Available from: http://www.ijpd.in/article.asp?issn=2319-7250;year=2020;volume=21;issue=1;spage=11;epage=14;aulast=Choudhary;type=0