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CASE REPORT
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Ichthyosis congenita, harlequin type: A case report and a brief review of literature


1 Department of Dermatology, ESIC Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India
3 Department of Pediatrics, ESIC Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ESIC Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Soumya Jagadeesan,
Department of Dermatology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara PO, Kochi - 682 041, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2319-7250.187888

Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is the most severe type of congenital ichthyosis, and it is extremely rare. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion. Although previously thought to be lethal, recently there have been increased reports of prolonged survival, following improved supportive care and judicious use of systemic retinoids. We report a new case of HI in an infant born of a consanguineous marraige who succumbed on the 5 th day of birth despite intensive supportive care, a short review of literature regarding the condition is also presented.


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