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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-40

A study of neonatal dermatoses in a tertiary care center

1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, Koppal, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, Koppal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K Udaya
Department of Pediatrics, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, Hospet Road, Koppal - 583 231, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_49_18

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Background: Neonatal dermatoses by definition encompass the spectrum of cutaneous disorders that arise during the 1st 4 weeks of life. The appreciation of normal phenomena and their differentiation from the more significant cutaneous disorders of the newborn is critical for the dermatologists and pediatricians. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence of various neonatal dermatoses and identify varying patterns of various physiological and pathological dermatoses. Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional study conducted during a period of 6 months. A total of 150 neonates were examined and data were collected, and results were analyzed statistically. Results: Out of 150 neonates, 147 (98%) had cutaneous lesions. Among them, 79 (52.6%) were male and rest were female. Of these, 112 (74.6%) weighed between 2.5 and 4 kg, 35 (23.3%) <2.5 kg, and 3 (2%) >4 kg. Physiological skin lesions were most common features seen in 148 (98.6%), followed by birthmarks 46 (31.3%), transient noninfectious lesions 35 (23.3%), inflammatory eruptions 13 (8.6%), and infections 7 (4.6%). Conclusions: A good knowledge of neonatal dermatoses is necessary for the treating dermatologists and pediatricians as many of cutaneous conditions are transient, appearing in the 1st few days to weeks of life, only to disappear shortly thereafter. However, their occurrence makes the parents worrisome. Proper diagnosis of the conditions helps in relieving the anxiety of parents and caregivers.

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