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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 293-303

Infantile hemangiomas: An update on pathogenesis, associations, and management

Division of Pediatric Dermatology, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago; Departments of Pediatrics and Dermatology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Karina L Vivar
225 East Chicago Avenue, Box 107, Chicago, IL 60611-2605
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_53_18

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Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are the most common vascular neoplasm in infants. The typical clinical course of IH follows a pattern of growth (proliferation) followed by spontaneous involution. The majority of IH are isolated to the skin; however, some cutaneous IH can be associated with internal organ involvement or anomalies. IH which are functionally impairing, ulcerated or potentially disfiguring require therapy. Treatment options include systemic or topical beta-blockers, systemic or intralesional corticosteroids, pulsed dye laser therapy, or surgical excision. In this article, we review the updated understanding of IH pathogenesis, clinical presentations and associations, and approaches to management.

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