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CASE REPORT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 164-166

Neonatal purpura fulminans caused by rare Citrobacter species


Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Leprosy, Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjiv Vijay Choudhary
28-Modern Nagpur Society, Chattrapati Square, Nagpur - 440 015, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_121_16

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A 23-day-old neonate, born of nonconsangious marriage, admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for hypernatremic dehydration with petechiae and ecchymotic patches and necrotic skin lesions for 10–12 days was referred to dermatology department. On the general examination, pulse was 158/min, and respiratory rate was 52/min, and systemic examination was normal. Hematological investigations showed pancytopenia. Bleeding time was normal but prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time reports were prolonged. D-dimer levels were elevated. Urine and stool were normal. Blood culture and sensitivity report revealed the growth of Citrobacter species with sensitivity to ciprofloxacin, amikacin, tetracycline, and resistance to Imipenem. Histopathology revealed epidermal hyperkeratosis with epidermal-dermal splitting, vessels showing fibrin occlusion with red blood cell extravasation into the perivascular areas in dermis along with dermal necrosis. To the best of our knowledge, this might be the first case of purpura fulminans in a neonate caused by rare Citrobacter species.


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