Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size Users Online: 169
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-47

Study of physiological and pathological skin changes in neonates: An east indian perspective


1 Department of Skin and VD, S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
2 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
4 Department of Paediatrics, S.V.P. Post Graduate Institute of Paediatrics, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Yatra Kavadya
HIG 13, Sector 1, Shankar Nagar, Raipur - 492 007, Chhattisgarh
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_21_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Numerous dermatological conditions are prevalent in neonatal period, i.e., first 28 days of life with varied presentations ranging from transient self-limiting lesions to serious dermatosis requiring clinical attention. Due to lack of complete knowledge, it is distressing for both parents and treating physician. Objectives: This study was done in eastern part of India to record various dermatosis, and their prevalence compared with other part of country and find association between skin conditions and parameters, namely, sex, parity, gestational age, mode of delivery, and birth weight. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in tertiary care hospital entailed recording of 400 neonates having any kind of dermatosis and statistically evaluated using Chi-square test (SPSS) and significance (P < 0.05). Results: Mongolian spot followed by sebaceous gland hyperplasia and epstein pearls were the common dermatologic findings. Physiological desquamation, acrocyanosis, and sebaceous gland hyperplasia were more prevalent in males and was statistically significant while erythema toxicum neonatorum significantly high in females. Epstein pearls, physiological scaling was also significantly high in term babies. Physiological scaling in cesarean patients and acrocyanosis in vaginal delivery was also significantly associated. Some atypical cases such as phakomatosis pigmentovascularis, plantar keratoderma, collodion baby, and congenital whorled hypermelanosis were also present in our study group. Conclusion: Physiological skin lesions are very common in neonates and appreciation of these lesions are important.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed844    
    Printed7    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded163    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal