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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 281-285

The clinico-epidemiological profile of atopic dermatitis in residential schoolchildren: A study from South Chhattisgarh, India


1 Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College, Rajnandgaon, India
2 Indian Police Service, Chhattisgarh Cadre, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Yasha Upendra
Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College, Rajnandgaon - 491 441, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_52_17

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Introduction: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory, relapsing skin disorder with early age of onset in infancy and early childhood. Objective: The present study was conducted to study the clinico-epidemiological profile of atopic dermatitis among children of residential schools of naxal-infested South Chhattisgarh. Materials and Methods: Ninety children (4.6%) of atopic dermatitis were pooled out from a previous study by the same authors on 1943 children of eight residential schools. The various clinico-epidemiological factors were studied and analyzed using relevant statistical tools. Results: Out of ninety children having atopic dermatitis, boys:girls ratio was 1:1.73. The mean age of onset was 2.14 ± 0.52 years, and the mean duration of illness was 1.71 ± 0.38 years. The personal history of atopy was present in 34 (37.8%) children whereas a family history of atopy was seen in 47 (52.2%) children. Among clinical presentation, chronic type (n = 56, 62.2%) was most common, followed by subacute (n = 24, 26.2%) and acute (n = 10. 11.1%). Flexor (n = 42, 46.7%) was the most common site affected followed by extensor and face (n = 24, 26.7%) each. Mild severity was seen in 76 (84.4%) children followed by moderate severity (n = 12, 13.4%) and severe (n = 2, 2.2%) children. Sweating (n = 53, 58.9%) was the most common aggravating factor followed by seasonal (n = 51, 56.7%), wool (n = 24, 26.7%), stress (n = 15, 16.7%), dust (n = 10, 11.1%), physical exercise (n = 8, 8.9%), and food (n = 2, 2.2%). Conclusions: Atopic dermatitis of chronic type with mild in severity is more common in community.


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