Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size Users Online: 451
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 187-190

Clinicoepidemiological study of childhood psoriasis in a tertiary care center


Department of Dermatology, Madurai Medical College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
S G Suganya
Department of Dermatology, Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai Medical College, Madurai - 625 020, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_76_16

Rights and Permissions

Context: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disease. Although common in children, true incidence and prevalence are not exactly known. There is a paucity of data on childhood psoriasis in India. Aims and Objectives: To study the age and gender distribution, mean age of onset, family history, precipitating factors, seasonal variation, clinical pattern, and nail changes in childhood psoriasis. Study Design: This was a prospective, observational study. Materials and Methods: All children with psoriasis under the age of 18 years were enrolled in the study, and detailed evaluation was done. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS 20 (IBM SPSS statistics for Windows, version 20.0: IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) and SIGMA STAT 3.5 (Sigma stat 3.5, Systat Software Inc., Richmond, CA.) by applying one-way ANOVA and Chi-square test. Observations and Results: Childhood psoriasis comprised 17.8% of total psoriatic patients. Male to female ratio was 1:1.4. Girls had higher mean age and delayed age of onset (P 0.028). Nearly one-third had positive family history of psoriasis. Trauma was the most common precipitating factor. Anti-streptolysin-O titer was positive in 10.18% of cases, out of which 72.72% belonged to guttate psoriasis. The most common clinical type was plaque psoriasis. Extremities were the most frequently involved site and also the most common site of onset. Pitting was the most common nail change. Conclusion: In our study, a considerable proportion of the psoriatic patients were children (17.8%). Infection was one of the common triggering factors in children; hence, early control of infection may help in reducing the severity and frequency of the disease. Further follow-up of these children is needed to know the outcome and prognosis of the disease.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed250    
    Printed13    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded43    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal